Homeowners Association Board Member Responsibilities
Laws governing HOAs can vary from state to state. All HOA boards must show they are working in good faith for the best interests of the association. Boards cannot take actions that are willfully harmful to the association or its members. Boards are guided by articles of incorporation and bylaws. These documents outline the powers and duties of the board.
A chief duty of the board is to create and manage an annual budget for the HOA. All expenses must be justified to other HOA members. Boards often have the power to assess dues to members for community upkeep. They can also do special assessments for unbudgeted expenses, such as repairs after storm damage. All of that income must be accounted for and all expenses carefully tracked.
HOAs can create rules and regulations that all homeowners must follow. Rules can include anything from what colors homes are painted to how often lawns are mowed and more. Boards also have the power to enforce those regulations. Usually, rules are enforced by fining people who break the rules. In some cases, HOAs take homeowners to court to enforce the association’s rules. Most HOA rules require members to vote on issues, such as giving fines, or changing a rule, before any action is taken.
Boards are required to hold elections and vote on officers. Elected board positions usually include president, vice president, secretary, and treasurer. Boards can include additional members that don’t hold elected office. As an HOA board member, there is a variety of tasks you could be asked to do. Since the board is made up of multiple members, people often volunteer for tasks related to their areas of expertise. For example, an accountant might make a good treasurer. Someone with business leadership skills would probably be a good president.